Beta Testing is said to be the second form of testing since it is the second letter of the Greek alphabet. Beta testing is also known as user testing because the testing is done at the customer (user) site by the end users. Like Alpha testing, beta testing is not performed by an independent team.
The testing is done in the Real Time environment. Beta testing increases the quality of the product and reduces the failure rate of the product. Beta testing is open for the market and public. Only Black Box testing is involved in Beta testing. This testing is performed outside an organization. It is performed when the software projects and products are marketed.
Beta testing is considered as the user acceptance testing (UAT) which is done at the customers/end user’s site. The Goal of the Beta testing is to give the software in the customer’s hand to discover any flaws or issues according to the users perspective, which should not be there in the final released product.
The following diagram explains the position of Alpha testing in the software development life cycle.
There are different types of beta testing as follows:
1. Traditional Beta Testing
2. Public Beta Testing
3. Technical Beta Testing
4. Focus Beta testing
5. Post Released Testing
1. Traditional Beta Testing:
In Traditional Beta Testing the product is distributed to the respective targeted market and all the related information about the product is collected which can be used for product improvement.
2. Public Beta Testing:
In public Beta Testing the product is distributed outside the organization via the online channels and the data can be gathered from anyone.
3. Technical Beta Testing:
In this testing the product is distributed into the internal group of an organization and the feedback from the employees is taken.
4. Focused Beta:
In this Focus Beta testing, the product is released into the market for gathering the feedback on important features of the product. e.g. important functionality of the product.
5. Post Release Testing:
In this type of testing the product is released into the market and the feedback is gathered to make improvement in the future release of the product.
Advantages of Beta Testing:-
- Beta Testing improves the product quality via the customer feedback.
- The main advantage is that the user can install, test the application and can give the feedback during the beta testing.
- Reduces the product failure rate.
Disadvantages of Beta Testing:-
- Testing is an issue because here the testing is done in the outside world of an organization.
- Finding the right beta tester is a difficult job.